Dodge - US carmaker, which produces passenger cars, pickup trucks, SUVs and vans. The company was founded in 1900 by the Dodge brothers and initially produced automotive parts, and since 1914 have their own cars. Dodge Company in 1928 was sold to the corporation Chrysler, from 1997 to 2008 was a member of the alliance DaimlerChrysler, and since 2009 is part of Chrysler Group LLC.
Dodge Brothers John and Horace Dodge from childhood was attracted to art. With age, their interests have not changed, and in 1896 Horace was my first patent: he invented the bicycle hub on ball bearings.
In 1897, in Detroit, they organized their own factory producing bicycles "Evans Dodge", and in 1900 decided to establish a machine-building plant for the production of parts for automobiles, from that moment and began the history of Dodge. At the end of 1902, John and Horace Dodge opened a large modern equipped workshop between Monroe Avenue and Hastings Street, which turned once and for some components of Henry Ford. In winter 1903 between Ford and the Dodge brothers signed a contract for the supply of two-cylinder engines in the party collecting the transmission destined for models "A".
Business relations Henry Ford were soon abandoned. That's when the Dodge brothers decided to start his own car company.
The decision to move the company agregatostroitelnoy finished automotive products was a bombshell. Still: the famous Dodge, provider of high quality engines themselves will produce cars. Production has not yet begun, and already twenty-two thousand stores brothers were sent requests for the supply of vehicles.
Dodge Wayfarer 2-door Sedan '1950
In the early postwar years, the company continued to let slightly modified models developed until 1942. In 1949 came the first of the brand new cars Wayfarer, Meadowbrook and Coronet with 6-cylinder engine producing 102 hp and semi-automatic transmission.
Dodge Dart Convertible '1963
Coronet, are available with the first years after the war, in 1953, found a second youth thanks to a new modern body and V8 engine with hemispherical combustion chambers, although it is also proposed with the old 6-cylinder engine. Compared with previous models, he looked more perfect.
Among the range of cars Coronet, equipped with various bodies, especially looking elegant two-door 5-seater convertible and similar "hardtop" hardtop, which had the designation Diplomat. There was also a 5-door version of the Utility Sierra. In total for the first year it was made more than 300 thousand cars Coronet. With minor changes in external model was produced for 3 years.
With the release in 1960 marks Polara and Matador, Dodge switched to manufacturing vehicles with a monocoque body. Simultaneously, it was the mass production of small-sized car brand Dart, and in 1961 was presented with the Lancer compact 6-cylinder engine volume of 2785 cm3.
Dodge Charger '1966
The success of small models of corporate management made a strategic mistake - in the early 1960s, the Dodge brand and Plymouth were deprived of the full-size models. Sales immediately dropped, and the situation had to be urgently corrected, starting in the middle of the 1962 model year release a full-size cars Dodge Custom 880. Finally, the lineup stabilized by 1966. It consisted of a full-size models Polara and Monaco, intermediate Coronet and compact Dart. In the same year, the company established itself as a serious player in the emerging market for oil cars, released the Dodge Charger-based midsize Coronet.
It was a two-door car with a body fastback, with lights that were hidden behind the decorative panels, but the main thing - a range of engines starting from the "eight" power of 230 hp and ending with the legendary 426 Hemi (volume - 426 cubic inches, that is 7 liters, with hemispherical combustion chambers), which developed 425 hp
Dodge Daytona NASCAR '1969
Since 1967 Charger can be ordered in the popular assembly R / T, which is equipped with 375-horsepower engine 440 Magnum. In 1969, based on the model was built Charger Daytona, designed for racing NASCAR. Daytona, as well as the similar Plymouth Superbird, characterized by a sharp nose and two keels with a huge wing. In accordance with the rules of NASCAR, this model has been released in the amount of 503 pieces and immediately became the favorite races. Daytona did not leave any chances to the opponents, and in 1971 the leadership of NASCAR actually banned by limiting the maximum volume of five liters engine.
Along with models and Charger Daytona Dodge division has several other examples of muscle cars, including the car, as the Coronet 500, Coronet R / T, Super Bee - they could all be equipped with engine 426 Hemi. Solidity speed was different as the compact Dart in the "charged" trim, such as GTS, Swinger 340, Demon 340. On it establishes a standard 340 cc (5.6 liter) engine of 275 hp, which could replace engine 383 (6.3 liters) and even 440 (7.2 l) cubic inches with a capacity of 300 hp and 375 hp respectively.
Dodge Challenger 'in 1970
Finally, since 1970, he produced a very popular Dodge Challenger, which most can be categorized as pony cars. He also offered to trim R / T and the Hemi, and homologation version T / A racing Trans Am. This model was equipped with a 290-horsepower engine 340 Six Pack (with three two-chamber carburettors).
Oil era cars, and with it the prosperity of the American automobile industry, ended with the fuel crisis of the early 1970s. This crisis has put the Chrysler Corporation in a particularly difficult position, because she could not offer customers light subcompact car.
As such, under the brand name Dodge Colt had to sell the Japanese model Mitsubishi Lancer (and since 1979 - Mitsubishi Mirage). In the future, dependence on the so-called captive import remained high. Under the brand name Dodge sold cars Mitsubishi Galant (Dodge Challenger, 1978-1983), Mitsubishi Starion (Dodge Conquest, 1984-1986), Mitsubishi GTO (Dodge Stealth, 1991-1996), SUV Mitsubishi Pajero (Dodge Raider, 1987-1989) and Dodge Ram pickup 50 (1979-1983) as the production of Mitsubishi.
Dodge Omni '1978-90
Own subcompact appeared in a Dodge in 1978, with the launch of Dodge Omni. In fact, this machine was developed by the French company Simca, which at that time was owned by Chrysler, and after the sale of the company Peugeot-Citroen concern model was produced in Europe as the Talbot Horizon. However, by the time the Chrysler Corporation was on the verge of bankruptcy, and its products gained notoriety as an extremely unreliable. To a large extent ruined the reputation of the brand model Dodge Aspen (1976-1980), which replaced the compact Dodge Dart and the glory of very low quality assembly. The situation was exacerbated a full-size model Dodge St Regis (1979-1981), was born in a very bad time: the beginning of its production coincided with a second, even more serious, the oil crisis in 1979.
The situation was saved a new corporate executive Lee Iacocca, who persuaded the US Congress to provide the large state loan corporation. Iacocca made a bid for a new front-K-platform on the basis of which from the beginning of 1980 were produced a whole family of cars, including the Dodge Aries, Dodge 400 Dodge 600. Dodge 400 produced with a body convertible, Dodge became the first gig after 1971 and one of the the first US gigs after their production temporarily ceased in 1976.
Dodge Caravan '1984-87
In 1984 he was released Dodge Caravan minivan with front wheel drive and transverse-engine, which is produced at the time created a furor. The concept car was so simple and practical that this model relished a large number of motorists. In European countries like imported car Chrysler Voyager. This model is the most commonly purchased together with the car Jeep Grand Cherokee.
Dodge Viper VM-02 '1989
Creation Dodge Viper was launched in 1989. The prototype demonstrated at the Auto Show in Detroit in the same year, made a tremendous sensation. The development was completed two years later. Production of this model was a sign that the company Chrysler is ready to take an active part in the sport. In 2000, Detroit was presented a prototype Viper GTS / R with 500 hp engines that can reach speeds of up to 320 km / h.
The company Chrysler, launched the sale in 1992, the car Dodge Intrepid, thereby changing the opinion of American cars. Changing the design of a few years has allowed to make it different from Concord.
Dodge Neon '1994-99
At the 1993 Frankfurt Motor Show was presented to the Dodge Neon, which is a front wheel drive sedan Golf-class analogue Plymouth Neon. This model is the best budget, fast and convenient vehicle in the line of cars Dodge. A few years later in Detroit was a version of the model with an improved design and a modified front suspension.
Coupe with front wheel drive, called the Dodge Avenger was shown in 1994. The basis for the creation of this model was the Chrysler Sebring.
In the same year in Detroit was presented a prototype sedan Dodge Stratus, which was equipped with front wheel drive and transverse engine placement. Presentation of new models Stratus took place in 2001 in Chicago.
Dodge Durango '1997-2003
In winter 1997 Detroit auto show was a model Dodge Durango, which is a multi-purpose vehicle with high cross and direct heir Ramcharger. This model is equipped with a V-shaped eight-cylinder engine and is considered the main rival of the famous Jeep Grand Cherokee.
Dodge Dakota Regular Cab '1991-96
Very popular among buyers enjoyed as pickup Dakota - holder of the title "sports truck of the year", he received in 1996. In 1997, production was launched the second generation of this model, developed on a rigid frame spars.
To withstand the growing competition, many global automakers have come together. In 1998, Dodge the merger of Chrysler with Daimler-Benz was in the corporation DaimlerChrysler. Cars Dodge became positioned as a more affordable compared to other brands of cars of the concern as well as a powerful and athletic. It has been completely updated range of companies.
According to data for 1999, the company has issued more than 1.5 million vehicles under the brand name Dodge, of which about 1 million are model Neon, Stratus, Avenger, Intrepid, Caravan, Durango, and Viper.
Dodge Ram 1500 Quad Cab '2002-06
In 2002 he was presented a Dodge Ram pickup third generation. The design of the car was a revelation. So far, it is called the most attractive and stylish pickup.
Dodge brand still continues to strengthen its position in the international market. In the autumn the Frankfurt Motor Show in 2005, in addition to the brand series models also introduced a concept car, called the Dodge Hornet. In March 2006, in Geneva, the European premiere of Dodge Caliber.
Dodge Nitro '2006-11
In 2007, the Dodge lineup updated with new models: D-segment sedan Dodge Avenger and Dodge Nitro SUV with aggressive design and impressive dynamics.
In 2009, the company was founded Chrysler Group LLC, based on a global strategic alliance with Fiat Group, produces and cars and the products under the brand names Chrysler, Jeep®, Dodge and Mopar.