During an outbreak, workers' strikes throughout the country, in 1945, Renault became the property of the state in order to save it from bankruptcy, what happened to Citroen a few years ago. The first project of the new company was a small 4CV, but it was postponed until the end of the Second World War. For the European market small cars are the future, because they are inexpensive and cost were cheap to operate.
4CV, released in 1946, acquired a much greater success than initially expected. The money received from the sale, the company purchased and installed at the plants heavy equipment to lift production. Then Renault came back to the car sector, cumbersome, and through the merger of two existing companies, Latil and Somua, they created a new company entirely dedicated to the production of trucks Saviem.
Since 4CV already "aged", the new model was ready for release - Dauphine, which appeared in 1956. She, too, was a great success, even in the United States. In fact, of Renault I was so popular overseas, that they had to open a special transport company - CAT, to cope with the high demand. Following appeared Renault 4 and Renault 8, when in 1961, Dauphine was discontinued.
Renault began 70 years of success with the new - sports and more flexible Renault 5, which met the friendly because of its fuel efficiency during the oil crisis. But this does not mean that the company was safe in those turbulent times. In an attempt to return to the American market began to assemble Renault models Rambler.
Also during the 70-ies Renault began to expand its influence and opened factories in eastern Europe, Africa and even Australia. In 1979 they began a partnership with the American company AMC. In the early 80-ies Renault once again found himself in a difficult financial situation, and the company's chairman at the time decided to remove the company from racing, selling all non-essential assets and cutting costs.
The good news was that by 1987 the company began to get more profits, so that in the early 90s to the market a new series was released, and all models have been successful: the new Clio, Espace, Twingo and Laguna. In 1995 Renault Megane is the first car ever achieved the four-star rating to safety tests Euro NCAP.
Also during the 90s Renault returned to Formula 1 race and successfully won the championship in 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997 respectively. In 1996, it was decided that the public status of the company will not benefit in the long term, so it was privatized again. Renault has made further investments in Brazil, Argentina and Turkey.
After 2000, he launched a number of less successful cars such as the Avantime and Vel Satis, but successfully continued to sell the old, such as Clio, Laguna and Megane. Now the state owns 15.7% of the company, which has since acquired the rights to manufacture the Romanian car Dacia and the South Korean the Samsung, not to mention the 20% stake in Volvo (latest rumors say that Renault is interested in its full redemption).