Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki-gaisha or just short of Toyota, the largest automaker in the world. The history of this company, like most others, began with absolutely no cars, and on the looms. Only in 1933, the son of the founder Kiichiro Toyoda, Toyota decided to build its first car, going to Europe.
The Government has approved such a bold and adult decision, since so needs a good low-cost cars for use in the war with China. In 1933, Toyota Motor Company built its first engine type A, which after was installed in passenger car and truck models A1 G1.
During World War II, Toyota took up making trucks for the army, and only a premature end to the conflict has saved the company factory in Aichi of the planned raid Allied bombers. After the war, Toyota resumed production, but the great success achieved only through the production of trucks and buses, not cars. In 1947, Toyota released the car model SA, also known as the Toyopet.
Good progress made model SF, at which the engine was 27 hp. A more powerful model RH, which had already 48 liters. a., it was soon released from the plant. Already by 1955, Toyota produced more than 8,000 cars a year. In the same year, Toyota produces luxury SUV Land Cruiser.
In 1957, Toyota introduced its first car in America and built its first plant in Brazil in 1959.
In the 70's because of the sharp rise in gas prices, Toyota had to switch to the production of small cars. Toyota Corolla - was the best car in its class and has received huge popularity in America.
In the 80 car sales in America, went on the decline, and then it was decided to establish a new company Lexus, which made luxury cars.
By the early '90s Toyota transportation means have become synonymous with the word "reliability" and "low cost of service" and gained immense popularity all over the world. Especially for younger audiences were issued MR2 and the Celica model.
Now, Toyota has focused on the creation of environmentally friendly engines and almost all his strength shot an electric motor, Toyota Plug-in HV tentative name of this machine.